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Title (RDA 2.3)


“A word, character, or group of words and/or characters that names a resource or a work contained in it” (RDA

More than one title can be associated with the resource. Multiple titles can be found in:

  • Sources of information (title page, title frame; caption title, running title; cover, spine; title bar)
  • On a jacket, sleeve, container, etc.
  • In material accompanying it.
  • Through reference sources
  • Through assignment by a registration agency (for example, key title)
  • By an agency preparing a description of it (For example, a translation by the cataloger).

245 Title field: 1st indicator (Title added entry: MARC coding)

If a 1xx field is present, the indicator is coded 1 and a title access point is made.

If a 1xx field is not present, the indicator is coded 0 and a title access point is not made.

245 Title field: 2nd Indicator (Nonfiling characters: MARC coding)

Indicator is coded with 0-9 for the number of nonfiling characters to be skipped in indexing or filing.

0 is used when the title does not begin with an article an means no characters are skipped.

Diacritical marks or special characters at the beginning of a title field that does not begin with an initial article are not counted as nonfiling characters.

1-9 is used when a Title begins with a definite or indefinite article that is skipped in sorting and filing.

Include in the count any diacritical mark, space, or mark of punctuation related to the article and any space or mark of punctuation preceding the first filing character after the initial article.

This rule also applies to foreign languages that have definite or indefinite articles.


245 10 Hamlet.
245 10 “Who is afraid of Virginia Woolf?”
245 12 A good man is hard to find.
245 13 An eye toward perfection.
245 14 The trial.
245 15 “The definitive answer”…
245 15 The “winter mind”
246 16 –the serpent–snapping eye.
245 17 The … annual report to the Governor.

245 ǂa Title proper (RDA 1.3, 2.3.2, 2.3.4, 2.4.2)


A principal name of a manifestation, normally used when naming the manifestation.


Title page: The Big Book of Colours, Smells & Tastes.
245 _4 The big book of colours, smells & tastes

An alternative title is treated as part of the title proper (RDA

Title page: Moby Dick or The Whale
245 _0 Moby Dick, or, The Whale

Omission of Introductory Words, etc. (

Do not transcribe words that serve as an introduction and are not intended to be part of the title.

On resource: Disney presents Sleeping Beauty
245 00 Sleeping Beauty.

Preferred source of information (RDA

  • The title proper should be taken from the preferred source of information as specified in RDA 2.2.2 and 2.2.3.
  • If the manifestation does not include a title proper, take it from a source specified in RDA 2.2.4.
  • If required (see RDA, make a note defining the source.

Other elements recorded as part of the title proper: Titles of Parts, Sections, and Supplements (RDA

“If the title of the part, section, or supplement has a numeric and/or alphabetic designation, record (in this order):
a) the common title
b) the designation of the part, section or supplement
c) the title of the part, section, or supplement” (RDA

245 04 The new encyclopedia of Southern culture. ǂn Volume 10, ǂp Law & politics
245 00 Multicultural America. ǂn Volume 1 : ǂb a multimedia encyclopedia

Supplied or devised title (RDA 2.2.4,, 2.34)

As a CORE ELEMENT in RDA, a title proper must be recorded. If no title appears on the resource in the preferred source of information (RDA 2.2.2, 2.2.3), either find a title from the resource in specified sources (RDA 2.2.4), or devise a title. In either case, enclose the supplied title in square brackets and add a note in a 500 field to indicate the source of the title.


245 00 [Multicultural America].
500 Title supplied from (publisher’s) website.

245 00 [Southern recipes].
500 Title supplied by cataloger.

cat/original-cataloging-book-title.1558538372.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/05/22 11:19 by ehardy